Some practice habits to remember

Or, things I wished I developed a habit of doing from the beginning, and am now trying my best to remember to do.

For calligraphy in general, I need to be better about putting the date on practice papers. At some point I was pretty good about it, but somehow I started forgetting. Taking pictures helps a little, but it’s so much easier to remember when the date is on the page. I found it tedious to write the exact date for things, or I would forget while waiting for ink to dry.

The main reason to note the date of calligraphy practice is to make comparisons between different practice sessions. I’m going to start with writing at least the month and the year. I doubt I will be comparing exact dates, so an estimate of the month and year will probably be enough. It’s also simpler to remember, and I hope it will help me maintain this habit.

When I first started brush pen calligraphy, I noticed online that Rhodia pads were commonly used by many calligraphers. I went ahead and got a Rhodia pad and started practicing English calligraphy. Writing on the pad was not the most comfortable, because at some point, my hand would start dangling off the paper. Somehow it never occurred to me that I should tear the paper off the pad and practice on a single piece of paper. In Chinese calligraphy, I always practice on single sheets.

In Jake Weidmann’s blog post Tools of the Trade: Calligraphy, he specifically writes:

Never allow yourself to write where your hand is elevated above the flat surface, i.e., writing on a pad of paper. This will inhibit proper hand positioning and whole-arm movement.

The first time I practiced on a single sheet of paper felt really strange. I had less control of the pen than usual and had to adjust to it. It got better as I practiced. I’m not sure if I developed any bad habits by practicing on the pad, but I’m definitely not going back. It might get a little tedious having to tear off individual pages from a paper pad, so I might start looking into loose leaf paper.

Back to basics with a new script

This summer, I am adding to my practice by starting 行書 (running script). A while back I had attempted to learn the 楷書 (standard script) style of 智永, but found the style to be strongly influenced by 草書 (grass script). I had a very difficult time with it. After some thought, the missing link was the fact I had not studied 行書. The most famous style of 行書 is that of 王羲之, so that is what I am starting with.

Starting a new script means going back to the basics and learning new ways of writing the basic strokes. Even after studying different scripts and styles, this can be quite challenging. I feel like finally getting to start 行書 is already quite a feat, but it is another issue if I can master it.

I also decided it was time to start using my 蘭竹 (made from weasel hair), rather than my trusty 長流 (weasel hair center, surrounded by goat hair). It probably was not the best idea to change two variables at once, but 蘭竹 is more pliable than 長流. Running script is written faster than any other script I have written, so I thought a more flexible brush was appropriate.

A few practice pages later, I was pretty comfortable with the basic horizontal stroke.


I managed to accomplish what I wanted to in this first practice session. I think I did a pretty good job understanding the specifics of the horizontal stroke, especially this particular one. It’s very specific to 行書, with the start and end parts exposed. I am also now more familiar with the 蘭竹 and look forward to continue using it in my 行書 practice.

New goals

When I first started learning calligraphy, I did not really have any goals for what I wanted to accomplish. I practiced because I wanted to, and did not make any hard or fast rules of how I wanted to progress. I let my curiosity dictate what I wanted to learn.

After practicing a couple of different script styles, I did make a small goal for myself. I decided to always do one piece of work before moving on to a different script. This way, I felt that there would be an example of a piece of work, and not just a stack of practice sheets. It did not have to be something that had to be mounted, just something on blank paper and not on practice grids. It also gave me the opportunity to study a few characters very carefully.

Recently I’ve felt a change in my calligraphy practice, and the need to establish new goals. I think my practice has advanced to the point where I can see there are certain things I do want to accomplish.

I definitely want to become comfortable writing on blank paper. When I practice, I start out practicing on grid paper. My copy books have the same grids so I can map out the positions of each stroke. However, if I’m writing an actual piece, it is on blank paper. I see this as phase two of learning a new script.

Phase one involves becoming familiar with the particulars of the script. The grid lines come in handy to better visualize the positions of the strokes. Now that I’m comfortable with some scripts, it’s time for phase two: seeing the characters without the grid lines and practicing without grid lines. To do so means to start studying original works.

I’ve started practicing on blank paper for one of the scripts that I have practiced the longest. In the beginning, it was really awkward. I felt as if I was back to learning the script all over again. But now I can see the benefits in doing so. I am no longer focusing on the grids, but am now focusing on the structure of each character I practice.

I also want to become comfortable with writing a string of characters, not just one. Typically in a practice session, I practice one characters many times to try different techniques to match the copy books. But when I need to write an actual piece of work, I need to be able to write a series of different characters. This could probably be called phase three.

I will need to practice the characters on their own, and then practice writing them in succession. I do not really think it matters if the characters make a phrase or word. The key here is to become familiar with writing different characters in succession, as I would when writing with pen and paper. I’m not sure when I will begin this phase of practice. I’m not sure if it is something I can combine with phase two. But it is definitely a phase I am looking forward to starting when I am ready.

Brush pen review

Lately I’ve been interested in brush pens for both English and Chinese calligraphy. In Chinese calligraphy, there is a distinction between brush and hard pen calligraphy. Brush calligraphy is written with brush and ink. This results in different thickness in strokes. Hard pen calligraphy is written with pencil, ball-point pen, or even fountain pen. This is different from brush calligraphy, since there is only a single width of the strokes.

I saw that many manufacturers from Japan produce brush pens, and was curious to give them a try. I was able to purchase the pens at my local Blick store and JetPens.

For English calligraphy, I hold the pen angled to the paper. For Chinese calligraphy, my preference is to hold the pen perpendicular to the paper.

Tombow dual brush pen
This pen has two sides: one with a brush felt tip, one with a hard tip. It comes in many wonderful colors, and can be bought individually or as part of packaged sets.

English brush calligraphy
This is my go-to pen for brush pen calligraphy. Pretty much everything I have written so far is with this pen. I love the different colors available. I have noticed that different pens will have different pliability in the felt tip. I’m not sure if it is due to the different colors or just due to the pen. So I have some pens that were soft to begin with, and others where I need to place more pressure for the desired width.

Chinese brush calligraphy
It is difficult to use this pen holding upright. The brush is a felt brush, not a bristle brush, so I did not get the result I wanted writing Chinese calligraphy.

Chinese hard pen calligraphy
The hard tip part works very well for writing hard pen calligraphy. The colors are a great bonus!

Akashiya New Fude Disposable Brush Pen
Brush bristles.

English brush calligraphy
This pen works well for brush calligraphy. I think it’s a great pen for getting used to bristle brushes.

Chinese brush calligraphy
Unfortunately this pen is much too light for my liking. It is difficult to hold upright. It is better to hold this pen angled to the paper to write Chinese.

Kuretake Bimoji Brush Pen
This pen has different widths and mostly comes in felt tips. I chose the medium width with bristles.

English brush calligraphy
This brush felt a bit too soft and pliable for writing English. It is possible that I am not yet used to writing with a bristle brush pen, since I found it hard to control.

Chinese brush calligraphy
Of the three pens I reviewed here, this was the best for holding upright to write Chinese calligraphy. The pen felt sturdy, and the brush was soft enough to produce the type of strokes I wanted. The amount of ink produced when pressing perpendicular seemed too much compared to the other pens (which never had additional ink spread out). But a regular brush does that as well. I really like the result from writing with this pen.

The three brush pens I tried all have their pros and cons for the types of calligraphy I do. The only problem is that the three pens are not refillable. When the ink is done, the whole pen will need to be thrown out. I should probably try some pens with refillable ink cartridges next!

英文軟筆書法 English brush pen calligraphy

最近開始寫英文軟筆書法,覺得滿好玩。雖然須要特別的軟筆,可是效果很好。在網上找到 Pieces Calligraphy 的好教學,學的很快。不到一個禮拜就開始裝飾信封。

I started writing English brush pen calligraphy lately. It’s pretty fun. It does require special brush pens, but it is pretty fun with all the different colors available. The best tutorials I found are from Pieces Calligraphy. I started practicing, and within a week, I felt comfortable enough to decorate names on envelopes.

Beginning practice

Practicing some words

Writing some words

Simple envelope writing